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Workshop: Topological, Algebraic, and Geometric Pattern Recognition with Applications Workshop Proposal

TopFusion: Using Topological Feature Space for Fusion and Imputation in Multi-Modal Data

Tegan Emerson · Audun Myers · Henry Kvinge


We present a novel multi-modal data fusion technique using topological features. The method, TopFusion, leverages the flexibility of topological data analysis tools (namely persistent homology and persistence images) to map multi-modal datasets into a common feature space by forming a new multi-channel persistence image. Each channel in the image is representative of a view of the data from a modality-dependent filtration. We demonstrate that the topological perspective we take allows for more effective data reconstruction, i.e. imputation. In particular, by performing imputation in topological feature space we are able to outperform the same imputation techniques applied to raw data or alternatively derived features. We show that TopFusion representations can be used as input to downstream deep learning-based computer vision models and doing so achieves comparable performance to other fusion methods for classification on two multi-modal datasets.

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