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Boosting Low-Data Instance Segmentation by Unsupervised Pre-Training With Saliency Prompt

Hao Li · Dingwen Zhang · Nian Liu · Lechao Cheng · Yalun Dai · Chao Zhang · Xinggang Wang · Junwei Han

West Building Exhibit Halls ABC 298


Recently, inspired by DETR variants, query-based end-to-end instance segmentation (QEIS) methods have outperformed CNN-based models on large-scale datasets. Yet they would lose efficacy when only a small amount of training data is available since it’s hard for the crucial queries/kernels to learn localization and shape priors. To this end, this work offers a novel unsupervised pre-training solution for low-data regimes. Inspired by the recent success of the Prompting technique, we introduce a new pre-training method that boosts QEIS models by giving Saliency Prompt for queries/kernels. Our method contains three parts: 1) Saliency Masks Proposal is responsible for generating pseudo masks from unlabeled images based on the saliency mechanism. 2) Prompt-Kernel Matching transfers pseudo masks into prompts and injects the corresponding localization and shape priors to the best-matched kernels. 3) Kernel Supervision is applied to supply supervision at the kernel level for robust learning. From a practical perspective, our pre-training method helps QEIS models achieve a similar convergence speed and comparable performance with CNN-based models in low-data regimes. Experimental results show that our method significantly boosts several QEIS models on three datasets.

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