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Extracting Motion and Appearance via Inter-Frame Attention for Efficient Video Frame Interpolation

Guozhen Zhang · Yuhan Zhu · Haonan Wang · Youxin Chen · Gangshan Wu · Limin Wang

West Building Exhibit Halls ABC 148


Effectively extracting inter-frame motion and appearance information is important for video frame interpolation (VFI). Previous works either extract both types of information in a mixed way or devise separate modules for each type of information, which lead to representation ambiguity and low efficiency. In this paper, we propose a new module to explicitly extract motion and appearance information via a unified operation. Specifically, we rethink the information process in inter-frame attention and reuse its attention map for both appearance feature enhancement and motion information extraction. Furthermore, for efficient VFI, our proposed module could be seamlessly integrated into a hybrid CNN and Transformer architecture. This hybrid pipeline can alleviate the computational complexity of inter-frame attention as well as preserve detailed low-level structure information. Experimental results demonstrate that, for both fixed- and arbitrary-timestep interpolation, our method achieves state-of-the-art performance on various datasets. Meanwhile, our approach enjoys a lighter computation overhead over models with close performance. The source code and models are available at

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